Rural deprivation is when rural areas suffer a lack of resources, amenities or jobs. This can have a widespread effect on the economic status of these areas and the development of a country as a whole.
- A combination of economic and social factors has contributed to a cycle of decline in rural areas across the world.
- In the UK and China, the mechanisation of farming and increased food exports has limited employment in the countryside, leading to migration and an ageing population.
- In China, mass migration of young men from rural areas is putting pressure on children to leave education and tend the farms.
- In the UK and China, social and economic factors create the potential for rural deprivation and different cycles of decline.
Nearly half of the world's population lives in rural regions.
But various factors mean that some areas suffer inequalities compared with urban areas.
Deprivation - lacking basic necessities
This is known as rural deprivation.
In more economically developed countries, like the UK, rural job opportunities have declined in recent decades.
Causes include the mechanisation ...
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