If you inherit two copies of every gene, one from each parent, how do your cells know which version to use?
- Alleles, alternative forms of genes, can be dominant or recessive.
- Dominant alleles will always be expressed even if only one copy is present.
- Recessive alleles will only be expressed if both copies are present.
- Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic condition caused by a recessive gene. Huntington's Disease is a condition caused by a dominant allele.
If you inherit two copies of every gene, how do your cells know which version to use?
"So whilst the genetic cards are dealt, one of the copies from either mum or dad is turned off. The gene is present, but doesn't work."
Alternative forms of genes, called alleles, can be dominant ...