When Phineas Gage's brain was injured in a freak accident, his personality changed giving scientists a unique opportunity to study brain function.
- Phineas Gage, a railway construction foreman suffered an accident in which a 1m iron rod punctured his skull, damaging his frontal lobe.
- Amazingly, Gage survived and was seemingly fully recovered within months.
- Gage’s doctor continued to monitor him and observed a radical personality change – from smart and hardworking to impulsive, rude and vulgar.
- These observations led to the theory of Brain Localisation – the brain is not just a homogeneous lump but consists of different areas with different functions.
Phineas Gage & The Frontal Lobe
Phineas Gage was a 25-year-old foreman of a railway construction gang, working on the new railways of east coast America.
On the September 13 1848, an accidental explosion blew an iron rod through his head.
Over 1m and 6kg of tamping iron was driven into his left ...